This was done in 1972. [citation needed] Bhutto called for an immediate nuclear test to be conducted, no response was issued by General Zia or any member of his government. Bhutto visited India to meet Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and negotiated a formal peace agreement and the release of 93,000 Pakistani prisoners of war. Besides Zulfikar Ali, Sir Bhutto had two other elder sons, namely Imdad Ali and Sikander Ali, who possessed very congenial, very likeable personalities and generous minds but they passed away in 1950 and 1962 respectively when they had not yet attend 50 years of age. In spring of 1976, Kahuta Research Facility, then known as Engineering Research Laboratories (ERL), as part of codename Project-706, was also established by Bhutto, and brought under nuclear scientist Abdul Qadeer Khan and the Pakistan Army Corps of Engineers' Lieutenant-General Zahid Ali Akbar. India, while refusing to recognize the accession of Junagadh by its rulers occupied the State by force, on 27-10-1947. Powerful PPP leaders such as Ghulam Mustafa Khar, former Governor of Punjab, openly condemned Bhutto and called for protests against his regime. [55], During his period in office the government carried out seven major amendments to the 1973 Constitution. So can you boys do it?". In fact Bombay was the second home of Sir Bhutto as an important minister of the Bombay Presidency and he was living there from 1924. Butt, Muhammad Shoaib and Bandara, Jayatilleke S. (2008), PLD 1978 Lahore 523 (Criminal Original Case No. The Government's Education Policy provides for the remission of fees and the grant of a number of scholarships for higher education to the children of low-paid employees[59], Seven thousand new hostel seats were planned to be added to the existing accommodation after the 1977 election. During this time, arrangements for the coup was made. And politics is not about changing the society its about using the weakness of society to gain power. Bhutto was shocked by such statements and felt Ayub Khan was unlettered in international affairs. Father: Shah Nawaz Bhutto Wife: Nusrat Isphahani (m. 8-Sep-1951) Daughter: Benazir Bhutto (b. PM Zulfikar Ali Bhutto address to the nation on 12-03-1977 Part 4 There was no elderly, selfless and non-purchasable politician who would unite the Muslim members of the Assembly to save the cause for which they had been elected. His father was the dewan of the princely state of Junagadh, and enjoyed an influential relationship with the officials of the British Raj. [89] In a thesis written by historian Abdul Ghafoor Buhgari, Carter keenly sabotaged Bhutto credibility, but did not wanted favoured his execution as Carter made a call to General Zia-ul-Haq to stop the act. [24] Bhutto sought and reached to the Polish community in Pakistan and made a tremendous effort for a fresh avenues for mutual cooperation. [88][clarification needed] The foundation stone for this gigantic project was laid on 30 December 1973 by Bhutto. [43] The nuclear weapons programme was set up loosely based on the Manhattan Project of the 1940s under the administrative control of Bhutto. [63] Tax exceptions were also introduced for small landowners to encourage the growth of agriculture. Mom (Nusrat Bhutto – Benazir’s Mother) remained silent. On that night of March 25, 1971, the army initiated the "Operation Searchlight", which had been planned by the military junta of Yahya Khan to suppress political activities. The vital question of Sindh’s separation was on the agenda of the Conference. The trauma was severe in Pakistan, a psychological setback and emotional breakdown for Pakistan. Bhutto convened the National Assembly on 14 April, rescinded martial law on 21 April and charged the legislators with writing a new constitution. [citation needed] Bhutto then visited Poland and established diplomatic relations in 1962. He was consequently highly appreciated by the Zamindars of Sindh. Khuda Bakhsh Khan had to engage several lawyers for defending Mir Murtaza. Premier Zhou Enlai and Mao invited Pakistan to join the raid to rest the State of Jammu and Kashmir from India. Carter indirectly announced his opposition to Bhutto, his ambition and the elections. His government made Islamic and Pakistan studies compulsory in schools. [91] The aim of this operation was to arm the Islamic fundamentalists and to instigate an attack in different parts of Afghanistan. The People's Open University is another innovative venture which has started functioning from Islamabad. 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