As much as the festive spirit, you will also love the time – which is the time of winter in Mexico. Pearce, Thomas Mathews. The shepherds are unable to see the devils, but the hermit carries a rosary that allows him to see them. Christmas Trees are becoming more popular in Mexico, but the main/most important decoration is still the nacimiento. Schon in der Zeit vor Weihnachten beginnen die Festlichkeiten in Mexiko. One of the more traditional areas that produce ceramic figures for nativity scenes is the Guadalajara area, especially the towns of Tonalá and Tlaquepaque. The most traditional version involves heading out after dark each of the nine evenings from a local church. Another important day, is La Candelaria 'the Candles' or Virgen de la Candelaria 'Virgin of Lights or Candles' (this is also known as Candlemas in other countries around the world) on the 2nd February and it marks the end of the Mexican Christmas celebrations. Christmas Eve: Tulum is the best place to spend Christmas in Mexico because its celebrations on December 24 really are magnificent. The name comes from the tradition that the birth of Christ was announced by the crowing of a rooster. Studies 1 (1988): 17-32. The season begins with celebrations related to the Virgin of Guadalupe, the Patroness of Mexico, followed by traditions such as Las Posadas and Pastorelas. For adults, rum or tequila may be added.  Over these, a wide variety of structures and figures are placed that can include houses, churches, wells, vendors with carts of fruits and vegetables, playing children, musicians, dancers, cooking food, and more, all surrounding the center, in which is the Holy Family. Christmas Eve is known as 'Noche Buena' and is a family day. , At the end of a posada, guests receive a small gift called an aguinaldo, usually a package with cookies, dried and fresh fruit, and candy. Inside is a thoughtful note explaining why they have been good or bad that year and the gifts they would like if deemed worthy. For dessert bunuelos are very popular, they are fried pastries sprinkled with sugar and cinnamon or a hot sugar syrup. The script of the play is often improvised by the actors and varies immensely. It is not just a celebratory affair but a solemn one too with posadas, piñatas and ponche being a regular affair. Important festive dates for Mexico: Christmas in Mexico is colourful and fun. Please consider supporting my work. , Following the Mass, there is a traditional midnight feast. A girl and boy are chosen to play Mary and Joseph in costume, sometimes with Mary riding a donkey. Mexican Christmas traditions are not influenced by the American way. In Mexico, Christmas is not just a single day, but a whole season of Christmas-related celebrations which stretches from December 3rd through February 2nd.  The final product of the production was not seen as having great importance in this community. 28th December is when people remember the babies that were killed on the orders of King Herod when he was trying to kill the baby Jesus. In each Posada, children are given candles and a board, with painted clay figures of Mary riding on a donkey and Joseph, to process round the streets with. The stick represents the Christian faith to defeat evil and release the treasure for all. Amazon.de - Kaufen Sie Christmas in Mexico günstig ein. Like many other parts of the world, Mexico celebrates Christmas on 25th of December every year. Mexico.  They were originally developed as a didactic tool to teach the Christmas story. Pastorela, which roughly means "shepherds' plays", are theatrical works performed by both amateur and professional groups during the Christmas season. Beginn eines Dialogfensters, einschließlich Registerkartennavigation, um ein Konto zu registrieren oder sich bei einem bestehenden Konto einzuloggen. December 28 is Mexico's version of April Fools' Day, called Los Santos Inocentes (The Sainted Innocents). An additional Christmas period celebration in Mexico is that of Día de Los Santos Inocentes on December 28th, not to be confused with Día de Los Angelitos which takes place on November 1st. In Mexico, Christmas is celebrated from December 12th to January 6th. Christmas in Mexico gave me insight into how my parents spent their holidays growing up. Mexico City sponsors a Christmas season display in the city's main square (or Zocalo), complete with a towering Christmas tree and an ice rink. On December 3, a nine-day novena begins in honor of the Virgin of Guadalupe, which ends on her feast day of December 12. Above the scene is a star, often with LED lights. In Mexico most people speak Spanish (EspaÃ±ol), so Happy/Merry Christmas is 'Feliz Navidad'.  The tradition was begun by Spanish evangelists to teach the Christmas story to the Indigenous people and ostensibly to supplant the rituals related to the birth of the god Huitzilopochtli. The season begins with celebrations related to the Virgin of Guadalupe, the Patroness of Mexico, followed by traditions such as Las Posadas and Pastorelas. The rest of the procession carries candles, paper lanterns and/or decorated staves, and often an empty manger. Most houses in Mexico will have a nacimiento , and most are more elaborate than what we might have in the US: they might have a water feature, a little village on a mountain, or figurines walking towards the manger. , The next major event in the Christmas season is Epiphany called Día de los Tres Reyes Magos (Three Kings' Day). It's traditional to eat a special cake called 'Rosca de Reyes' (Three Kings Cake) on Epiphany.  Its origins are unknown, other than that it was orally passed down in Spain during Europe's Medieval period.  This has also been celebrated online in recent years. The Three Kings are added at Epiphany. The figures are sheltered by a portal that can take the shape of a cave, stone house, or cabin. The figures are often made of clay and are traditionally passed down through families. The Archangel challenges the Devils, defeating them and driving them back into the inferno. Additionally, the food and feasts include traditional piñata games where people take turns trying to break a star-shaped colourful figure full of sweets. "The New Mexican Shepherds' Play." , Many children get presents from both Santa Claus and the Wise Men, although they tend to get more from the Wise Men because "there are three of them". They call at the houses of friends and neighbors and sing a song at each home. In the play, the shepherds meet Michael the Archangel for the first time and begin their journey to meet Jesus. , Market activities start in late November, with traditional markets and new Tianguis (street) markets appearing. In Mexico, presents might also be brought by 'El NiÃ±ito Dios' (baby Jesus) & Santo ClÃ³s (Santa Claus). The image of the Virgin Mary is honored in all of Mexico in various ways. Dezember feiert man die „posada“. Christmas in Mexico is a festive time, honoring religion. Everything else that’ll happen in Mexico will simply be a great addition to that Christmas I already had. Bei einer Posada (zu deutsch Herberge) wird die Suche einer Unterkunft von Maria und Josef nachempfunden.  This even includes newspapers printing false wild stories on that day. The devil tries to stop the shepherds by tempting them along the way. , Today, they are usually performed in rural areas and the lower-class neighborhoods of cities.  The scene is missing the figure of Child Jesus until Christmas Eve. The other variation has the procession go to three houses singing, two of which "reject" the party until the third house accepts. Poinsettia flowers are known as 'nochebuena' (Christmas Eve) flowers in Mexico. The rosca is served with tamales and atole. For us, it seems as if it is our annual family reunion because we get to reunite with all my aunts and uncles, cousins and family friends. Celebrations athwart the nation begin on 12th December and spread right through to 6th January the subsequent year. Christmas Celebration in the Mexico starts days before and continued after Christmas . It was made in January 2001 by Sergio Rodriguez in the town of Zozaya in the state of Nuevo LeÃ³n. These include native Mexican plants and animals such as nopal cacti and turkeys, women making tortillas, fish in a river (a reference to a popular Mexican carol), a crowing rooster (a reference to Christmas Eve), and even images of Lucifer to hide in the shadows (a reference to the pastorelas). Then the children rush to pick up as many sweets as they can! Mexican Christmas food. After dinner, adults drink ponche or cider and children play with sparklers, called Luces de Belén (Bethlehem lights). If you've had a visit from Santa on Christmas Eve, you might also get some candy on el Dia de los Reyes! In some parts of Veracruz, December 31 is reserved to honor elderly men with the Fiesta del Hombre Viejo. Happy/Merry Christmas in lots more languages. In 1718, Spanish friars settled along the San Antonio River as an establishment for the Native American inhabitants. Flores, Richard R. Los Pastores: History and Performance in the Mexican Shepherds' Play of South Texas. Lots of Mexicans have a party for Candelaria. Traditions followed during a Christmas in Mexico include breaking a piñata, setting up a nativity scene, and baking a … On January 6, the arrival of the Three Wise Men is celebrated with Candlemas and the presentation of images of Jesus as a child at churches. One half remains outside and sings a traditional song to ask for shelter. The peaks or spikes represent the 'seven deadly sins'. One notable tradition is the eating of twelve grapes rapidly along with the twelve chimes of the clock at midnight (a tradition shared with other Latin countries), to bring luck for each of the months of the coming year. Das ist Spanisch und bedeutet „Beherbergung“. , The Christmas season begins with celebrations in honor of the Virgin of Guadalupe, Mexico's patron saint. A very old tradition has the song sung to the nativity scene, which includes the newborn Child Jesus. © Copyright 2000 - 2021 James Cooper | About the site | Cookies & Privacy | Site Map | Other Links | Support | Website logistics by LetterBlock | Proud Affiliate of the Merry Network, whychristmas?com answers your Christmas questions! Dezember gefeiert werden. Ein traditioneller Weihnachtsbrauch sind die Posadas, welche vom 16.  This play's original purpose was to aid in Catholic conversion of the Native Americans. After Christmas Day, these stands have one or more "Wise Men". Fireworks are common and in very rural areas, the festivities may also include shots fired in the air. , Since the colonial period, a Mexican touch has been introduced, starting with the use of Spanish moss covering the base. It … It can include elements such as jokes, jeers, slang, songs, bawdy humor, discussions, cigarettes, tequila, and even prostitutes, mostly focusing on the interaction with and struggle against Satan and his tricks. Pablo’s Christmas by Hugo C. Martin talks about a young boy getting ready for Christmas in rural Mexico, while his father is away earning money for the family (note: when reading it, I like to point out that Mexico has huge cities as well as small villages so that children know this is only one story of Mexico). , After piñatas, there is a meal which usually includes tamales, atole, buñuelos, and a hot drink called ponche, which is made from seasonal fruits such as tejocote, guava, plum, mandarin orange, orange and/or prune, sweetened with piloncillo, a kind of brown sugar, and spiced with cinnamon or vanilla.  The basic setup is similar to those in other parts of the world, with a focus on the Holy Family, surrounded by angels, shepherds, and animals. What's Christmas like in Mexico?  Like the procession, the Mexican piñata has a symbolic and didactic meaning. Christmas in Mexico is observed from December 12 to January 6, with one additional celebration on February 2. Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema Christmas In Mexico sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images. Mit den posadas soll die Suche von Maria und Josef nach einer Herberge nachgestellt werden. Christmas in Mexico | | ISBN: 9780716620020 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon.  The most important event related to this time is the pilgrimage to her basilica in the north of Mexico City, with people coming to pay respects by all means of transportation, from airplanes to bicycles to walking. , Starting in December, residential units, homes, and buildings are decorated with poinsettias named "Noche Buena" (from the Spanish phrase that means "good night" referring to Christmas Eve). These tell the story of the shepherds going to find the baby Jesus and are often very funny. , In the city of Oaxaca, on December 23, there is a unique event called La Noche de los Rabanos (Night of the Radishes). The area in and around the basilica begins to crowd with lights, fireworks, and Indigenous people dancing around dusk on December 11 and goes on all night and into the next day. Christmas is a long season in Mexico, running from the 12th of December through to Epiphany with yet another celebration to mark Candlemas on February 2nd.  It originated about six years after the arrival of the Spanish when Father Pedro de Gante began a celebration of Christmas with a late-night Mass. Traditional decorations displayed on this holiday include nativity scenes, poinsettias, and Christmas trees. He often carries crosses made of corn cobs and constantly teases the audience. Pilgrims crawl from their villages around the country to the basilica to pay … Perhaps the most amazing thing about the angel was that it was completely made out of old beer bottles, 2946 of them! Christmas is still celebrated on the 25 th; however, December 12 th and January 6 th are also important days for traditions of Christmas in Mexico. , There are various regional Christmas season traditions. The shepherds and hermit fall asleep and are tempted by the Devil, also known as Luzbel, and his demons, who eventually try to lure him to Hell instead of to baby Jesus. Banks, schools, government offices and many businesses are closed. Read facts about Mexico at Ducksters. , The last posada is early Christmas Eve. Christmas in Mexico. Smithsonian Institution Press, 1995. 3. , Since the second half of the 20th century, Mexico has adopted a number of German and U.S. Christmas traditions. In the very early morning hours of the 12th, the shrine resounds with the singing of Las Mañanitas to the Virgin Mary in a midnight concert, which features many Mexican singers. The traditional food for this is called buñuelos, a fried pastry covered in sugar. The traditional star-shaped piñata is broken by children during the Posadas. Christmas in Mexico. Along the way, they encounter a hermit, the comedic character in this play. The figures can be bought from markets in cities all over Mexico. , Nativity scenes can be found in all sizes and complexities. Erst, wenn die Gäste hereingelassen wurd… The vessel represents Satan, who has all the goods of the world, decorated to attract people.  In the pre-Hispanic period, they were called "Cuetlaxochitl", and were appreciated in the mid-winter. Nativity scenes are placed here and along Paseo de la Reforma.. To show the importance of Christmas in Mexico, it’s celebrated over a month’s span. The rest of Christmas Day is quiet in Mexico as families recuperate from the festivities of the night before, often eating leftovers from the midnight dinner.. As well as the posada's, there is another type of Christmas play known as Pastorelas (The Shepherds). Christmas traditions incorporate remnants of indigenous practices, customs from Spain, novel Mexican inventions from the colonial period, and later elements from the United States and Germany. Some of these originated in Spain and others developed due to Mexico's particular history. Christmas Day is a public holiday in Mexico. Vom 16. , Another variation of this is sending the note in a helium balloon into the sky. The largest celebratory meal is eaten on Christmas Eve and will consist of turkey or ham, or in some regions salted cod along with plenty of sweet treats. But the children are told that there is no room in the house and that they must go away. Rather they are homegrown and based mainly on Mexico's form of Roman Catholicism. These celebrate the part of the Christmas story where Joseph and Mary looked for somewhere to stay. , Traditional figures are made from ceramic or plaster. Finden Sie perfekte Illustrationen zum Thema Christmas In Mexico von Getty Images. Nativity scenes, known as the 'nacimiento', are very popular in Mexico. For example, every year, hundreds of members of the Japanese Mexican community (which is mainly Catholic) make the pilgrimage in kimonos.. Large-scale nativity scenes can be quite elaborate, with multiple landscapes and even entire villages. If successful, the victorious prankster would send a note to the lender and a gift of sweets or small toys in memory of the children killed by Herod with the note saying "Innocent little dove who allowed yourself to be deceived, knowing that on this day, nothing should be lent." About Christmas Day. It was originally called Los Santos Inocentes to commemorate the infants killed by King Herod to avoid the arrival of Christ. PiÃ±ata's can also be in the form of an animal or bird (such as a donkey).  Masses are held not just in the Basilica but also in all community parishes within Mexico. At midnight, many people go to a Midnight Mass service, known as the 'Misa de Gallo' (which means Mass of the Rooster as people are up early like Roosters!).  These usually start with a base of sturdy brown paper, which is crumpled to simulate a landscape, sometimes with the support of multi-tiered bases. Traditional music includes villancicos (akin to Christmas carols) with popular songs including: "Los pastores a Belén"; "Riu, riu, chiu: El lobo rabioso"; and "Los peces en el río". To play the game, children are blind-folded and take it in turns to hit the piÃ±ata with a stick until it splits open and the sweets pour out.  Public Christmas celebrations mix Mexican and foreign traditions. The most straightforward explanation for this day of mischief making is … As well as the normal figures of the Mary, Joseph, Jesus, the Shepherds and Three Kings, there are often lots of other figures of different people, including women making tortillas, people selling food and different animals and birds, like flamingos! Popular dishes for the main Christmas meal include Pozole (a thick soup made with hominy, chicken or pork and chilies with is topped with greens), roast turkey, roast pork, tamales, bacalao (salt cod), romeritos (a green vegetable that's cooked in a mole sauce with potatoes and shrimps) and there are normally salads served as side dishes such as Ensalada Nochebuena (Christmas Eve salad). "Between 1893 and 1953, at least one hundred twenty-five copies of this play relating to Christ's nativity have been discovered in the American Southwest and Mexico". That Christmas reminded me of another Mexico Christmas, years before, in a different relationship and with a different family, that I spent in Manzanillo on the Pacific coast. Traditional dishes include bacalao, reconstituted dried cod cooked with onions, tomato sauce, olives, and more. These traditions were formed from influences in both the pre-Hispanic period and Mexico's colonial period, thus incorporating indigenous and Spanish practices. During this season, there are lots of parties, and we get to indulge in traditional Mexican food and drinks. In some states in Mexico children expect Santa Claus to come on December 24th. , Las Posadas generally serves as a way to maintain community bonds with the neighborhood.  It was not until the mid-1900s that a translator was used, and it was not until 1913 that performances of Los Pastores made their way to Texas.  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